Theory-x assumptions are: (1) most people dislike work and will avoid it to the extent possible, therefore (2) they must be continually coerced, controlled, and threatened with punishment to get the work done, and that (3) they have little or no ambition, prefer to avoid responsibility, and choose security above everything else.
Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s. Basis for comparison theory x theory y meaning: theory x is a motivational theory, which involves high supervision and control over the subordinates, and greater degree of centralization.
Theory x and theory y was an idea devised by douglas mcgregor (see article) in his 1960 book “the human side of enterprise” it encapsulated a fundamental distinction between management styles. Theory x and theory y - douglas mcgregor's theories of motivation. In 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as theory x and the other is positive, so called as theory y.
Ten important differences between theory x and theory y are discussed in this article, in a detailed manner theory x assumes that an employee dislikes work, while theory y persupposes that work is natural for employees. Theory x and theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, mcgregor's x-y theory remains a valid basic principle from which to develop positive management style and techniques. Theory x is an authoritarian style where the emphasis is on “productivity, on the concept of a fair day's work, on the evils of feather-bedding and restriction of output, on rewards for.
Theory x and theory y were first explained by mcgregor in his book, 'the human side of enterprise,' and they refer to two styles of management – authoritarian (theory x) and participative (theory y.
Management theory x and theory y theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivationhe avoided descriptive labels and simply called the theories theory x and theory yboth of these theories begin with the premise that management's role is to assemble the factors of production, including people. Theory x and theory y represent two sets of assumptions about human nature and human behavior that are relevant to the practice of management theory x represents a negative view of human nature that assumes individuals generally dislike work, are irresponsible, and require close supervision to do. Douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist, proposed his famous x-y theory in his 1960 book 'the human side of enterprise' theory x and theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model.